2017 Chinese Public Weather Services White Paper was Released, Beidou Helped Meteorological Disaster Warning Release Time Reduced to 5-8 Minutes
On Mar 24, China Meteorological Administration released the 2017 Chinese Public Weather Services White Paper (Hereinafter referred to as White Paper). The White Paper pointed out that in 2017, the national meteorological industry focused on people’s needs for a better life, vigorously developed smart weather, optimized the supply of meteorological services, and actively served to ensure disaster prevention and reduction and relief and the ecological civilization construction, “the Belt and One Road” construction, and the military-civilian integration, etc. It has made outstanding contributions in serving “issues related with agriculture, farmer and rural area”, poverty alleviation and the coordinated regional development.
According to the White Paper, in 2017, various regions accelerated the construction of meteorological disaster prevention and reduction system, and 2,723 counties throughout the country issued measures for the management of meteorological disaster emergency preparedness systems, 2712 counties formulated and executed special emergency plans for meteorological disaster, and 57,500 key units or villages passed the emergency preparedness assessment for meteorological disasters, the number of township meteorological information service stations reached 78,000 and the coverage of weather information officer in villages was 99.7%. At the same time, China has strengthened the release of warning information. The national emergency warning system has collected 76 types of early warning information from 16 departments, and 22 provincial, 183 municipal and 683 county governments have established emergency information warning centers; The development of diversified warning measures such as satellite mobile communications, Beidou satellites and marine radio stations reduced the time limit for the release of meteorological disaster warnings from 10 minutes to 5-8 minutes; the warning coverage rate reached 85.8%, which was 0.8% higher than in 2016.
The White Paper pointed out that in 2017, China’s weather forecast was more refined, products were more abundant and the channels for dissemination were more diversified and convenient. For example, Chin has established a nationwide 5-kilometer smart grid meteorological forecast “One Grid” and a global meteorological elements forecast 10 km grid. The frequency of the updated forecast information has been increased from 3 hours two years ago to 10 minutes in 2017; information push which is based on users habits and personalized services such as real-time navigation of disaster weather, healthy meteorological services and ski weather services have been carried out. The meteorological services have been transformed from popularity and generalization to demassification and customization. According to a survey conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics, in 2017, the satisfaction rate of public weather service nationwide was 89.1 points and it maintained a rapid growth for four consecutive years.
The White Paper also pointed out that in 2017, China improved ecological remediation weather modification. the country launched 998 aircrafts to increase artificial precipitation with 2,834 hours flight duration, and carried out ground precipitation and hail suppression 43,700 times. The target area of precipitation is about 4.913 million square kilometers. China’s meteorological service brand systems, such as satellite broadcasting systems, comprehensive meteorological information analysis and processing systems and satellite weather application systems have been settled and applied in 19 surrounding countries like Philippines, Tajikistan and Kazakhstan which have won international acclaim. In 2017, the China Meteorological Administration was recognized by the World Meteorological Organization as the World Meteorological Center, marking that the overall level of China’s meteorology has reached the advanced world level.